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Functional organization of the cardiovascular system (concept map)
Functional organization of the cardiovascular system (concept map)

Functional organization of the cardiovascular system (concept map)

Map summary:

We have division of labor where parts of the carviovascular system are separated but connected both via pressure inputs and outputs but also in terms of biological processes. Because of this connectivity, pathologies in one area of the cardiovascular system can be observed in other areas such as is the case where pulmonary edema is observed in congestive heart failure and tracheal deviation is observed in pulmonary emboli.

The parallel arterial system enables blood flow from one organ system to have no effect on another (thanks to the fractality of your blood network and impedance matching).

The major exception to this is the hepatic portal vein which drains GI and other splanchic organs to the liver and then the inferior vena cava. Going off the earlier point of connectivity, patients with hepatitis frequently present with ascites.

This map also contains details about the generic vessel structure and vasodilation and vasoconstriction: note the differences in receptor types .

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